Deciphering the past, present, and future of the Earth and environment from isotopes
To understand the formation and evolutionary process of the Earth resulting in the present global environment, we are conducting isotope geochemistry and environmental chemistry research by determining the concentrations and isotope ratios of noble gases and other highly volatile elements in meteorites, rocks, and minerals derived from the deep interior of the Earth. In particular, we aim to reveal the origin and cycling of water, which makes the Earth a habitable planet.
Helium isotope ratios in fumaroles and hot springs in volcanoes can be used as an indicator of the activity of magma that causes eruption disasters. We are developing a method to evaluate the degree of eruption imminence and to predict the post-eruption processes based on the noble gas isotope ratios of various volcanic products.
Where the groundwater came from and how long it has been flowing underground are important in assessing the quantity and safety of groundwater as a water resource. Analysis of tritium, a radioactive isotope of hydrogen, and 3He, an isotope of helium, provides information on the residence time of groundwater.
We contribute to disaster prevention and resource assessment using noble gas isotope analysis and promote understanding of global environmental change in the past, present, and future.
Hirochika SUMINO ／ SUMINO Laboratory